SURA 60. Mumtahana, or the Woman to be Tested
1. O ye who believe! Take not my enemies and yours as friends [or protectors],-
offering them [your] love, even though they have rejected the Truth that has
come to you, and have [on the contrary] driven out the Prophet and yourselves
[from your homes], [simply] because ye believe in Allah your Lord! If ye have
come out to strive in My Way and to seek My Good Pleasure, [take them not as
friends], holding secret converse of love [and friendship] with them: for I know
full well all that ye conceal and all that ye reveal. And any of you that does
this has strayed from the Straight Path.
2. If they were to get the better of you, they would behave to you as enemies,
and stretch forth their hands and their tongues against you for evil: and they
desire that ye should reject the Truth.
3. Of no profit to you will be your relatives and your children on the Day of
Judgment: He will judge between you: for Allah sees well all that ye do.
4. There is for you an excellent example [to follow] in Abraham and those with
him, when they said to their people: “We are clear of you and of whatever ye
worship besides Allah: we have rejected you, and there has arisen, between us
and you, enmity and hatred for ever,- unless ye believe in Allah and Him alone”:
But not when Abraham said to his father: “I will pray for forgiveness for thee,
though I have no power [to get] aught on thy behalf from Allah.” [They prayed]:
“Our Lord! in Thee do we trust, and to Thee do we turn in repentance: to Thee is
[our] Final Goal.
5. “Our Lord! Make us not a [test and] trial for the Unbelievers, but forgive
us, our Lord! for Thou art the Exalted in Might, the Wise.”
6. There was indeed in them an excellent example for you to follow,- for those
whose hope is in Allah and in the Last Day. But if any turn away, truly Allah is
Free of all Wants, Worthy of all Praise.
Surah Mumtahana- Sheikh Abu Bakr Shatri
The objective of surat Al-Mumtahina is quite obvious from the very beginning; “O you who believe! Take not My enemies and your enemies (i.e. disbelievers and polytheists) as friends …” (TMQ, 60:1). Of course, you can see that the themes of allegiance to Muslims and renunciation of the disbelievers are prominent all through this part. Therefore, this surah brings us four tests of belonging:
- Hateb Ibn-Abi-Balta’a.
- The immigrating women.
- The balance between loyalty and renunciation.
- The believing women, before they took the pledge of allegiance.