SURA 59. Hashr, or The Gathering (or Banishment)
1. Whatever is in the heavens and on earth, let it declare the Praises and Glory
of Allah: for He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.
2. It is He Who got out the Unbelievers among the People of the Book from their
homes at the first gathering [of the forces]. Little did ye think that they
would get out: And they thought that their fortresses would defend them from
Allah! But the [Wrath of] Allah came to them from quarters from which they
little expected [it], and cast terror into their hearts, so that they destroyed
their dwellings by their own hands and the hands of the Believers, take warning,
then, O ye with eyes [to see]!
3. And had it not been that Allah had decreed banishment for them, He would
certainly have punished them in this world: And in the Hereafter they shall
[certainly] have the Punishment of the Fire.
4. That is because they resisted Allah and His Messenger: and if any one resists
Allah, verily Allah is severe in Punishment.
5. Whether ye cut down [O ye Muslim!] The tender palm-trees, or ye left them
standing on their roots, it was by leave of Allah, and in order that He might
cover with shame the rebellious transgresses.
6. What Allah has bestowed on His Messenger [and taken away] from them – for
this ye made no expedition with either cavalry or camelry: but Allah gives power
to His messengers over any He pleases: and Allah has power over all things.
7. What Allah has bestowed on His Messenger [and taken away] from the people of
the townships,- belongs to Allah,- to His Messenger and to kindred and orphans,
the needy and the wayfarer; In order that it may not [merely] make a circuit
between the wealthy among you. So take what the Messenger assigns to you, and
deny yourselves that which he withholds from you. And fear Allah; for Allah is
strict in Punishment.
Surah Al-Hashr, Sheikh Ahmad Al Ajmy
1. Two groups of people are addressed in the surah:
- Those who helped the traitors and supported them; the hypocrites.
- Those who stood firm and renounced the enemies of Allah; the believers.
2. Hypocrites are not the friends of the believers any more; they belong to the disbelievers.
3. Al-Muhajereen (the immigrants) had a profound belonging to Islam; they left their homes and went to Madinah, where they were blessed by an extremely warm welcome from Al- Ansar (the supporters). The latters had a strong sense of belonging as well; they took in their brothers and sisters in Islam despite their poverty and poor economic conditions. Throughout history, immigration is usually accompanied with problems and antagonism between the immigrants and original citizens. Yet, the relationship between the Muhajereen and the Ansar was exemplary; it was full of selflessness, love and sacrifice.
4. Can you see the great difference between the two teams? The team of the believers wouldsacrifice dearly for the sake of their brothers and their unity, whereas the team of those who take Allah’s enemies as allies would betray their allies as soon as they have the opportunity to do so.
5. The surah started by glorifying Allah and exalting Him, “Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allah.” (TMQ, 59:1), and ended in the same way, “All that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All- Wise.” (TMQ, 59:24). It is as if the conclusion of this surah stresses one theme: Why do you not want to belong to Allah, He Who has the most beautiful and glorious names? Belong to Allah and to no one but Him!
source: Amr Khaled