SURA 91. Shams, or The Sun
1. By the Sun and his [glorious] splendour;
2. By the Moon as she follows him;
3. By the Day as it shows up [the Sun’s] glory;
4. By the Night as it conceals it;
5. By the Firmament and its [wonderful] structure;
6. By the Earth and its [wide] expanse:
7. By the Soul, and the proportion and order given to it;
8. And its enlightenment as to its wrong and its right;-
9. Truly he succeeds that purifies it,
10. And he fails that corrupts it!
11. The Thamud [people] rejected [their prophet] through their inordinate wrong- doing,
12. Behold, the most wicked man among them was deputed [for impiety].
13. But the Messenger of Allah said to them: “It is a She-camel of Allah! And
[bar her not from] having her drink!”
14. Then they rejected him [as a false prophet], and they hamstrung her. So
their Lord, on account of their crime, obliterated their traces and made them
equal [in destruction, high and low]!
15. And for Him is no fear of its consequences.
1. God has created man with a duality of nature and ability. The form within him has two equal tendencies to good or evil, to either follow divine guidance or go astray. Man is just as capable of recognizing the good as he is of recognizing the evil in everything he encounters, and he is equally capable of directing himself one way or the other.
2. In addition to his innate ability, man is equipped with a conscious faculty which determines his line of action. Hence, he is responsible for his actions and decisions.
3. He who uses this faculty to strengthen his inclinations to what is good and to purify himself and to weaken his evil drive will be prosperous and successful. By contrast, a person who uses this faculty to suppress the good in him will ruin himself.
4. There must be, then, an element of responsibility attached to man’s conscious faculty and freedom of choice. Since he is free to choose between his tendencies, his freedom must be coupled with responsibility. He is assigned a definite task related to the power given to him.
5. God, the Compassionate, does not leave man with no guidance other than his natural impulses or his conscious, decision-making faculty. God helps him by sending him messages which lay down accurate and permanent criteria, and points out to him the signs, within him and in the world at large, which should help him choose the right path and clear his way of any obstructions so that he can see the truth
7. This is what God has willed for man and whatever takes place within this framework is a direct fulfilment of His will.
source: Sayyid Qutb – In the shade of the Quran