SURA 37. Saffat, or Those Ranged in Ranks
1. By those who range themselves in ranks,
2. And so are strong in repelling [evil],
3. And thus proclaim the Message [of Allah]!
4. Verily, verily, your Allah is one!-
5. Lord of the heavens and of the earth and all between them, and Lord of every point at the rising of the sun!
6. We have indeed decked the lower heaven with beauty [in] the stars,-
1. The surah attacks superstition, exposing it’s lack of substance. It addresses a particular form of polytheism which prevailed in Arabian society at the time, pausing long to expose its falsehood. All this is summed up in the allegation that God married the jinn, who subsequently gave Him the angels as His daughters.
2. Furthermore, because this topic is given prominence, the sūrah begins by mentioning some types of angels: “By the [angels] ranged in ranks, who rebuke reproachfully, and recite God’s word.” (Verses 1-3) This is followed by mention of the devils and how they are targeted by piercing flames to prevent them from eavesdropping on those on high. Had they been in the position given them in ignorant superstitions, they would not have been chased in this way. The fruit of the tree growing in the midst of hell is likened to devils’ heads. At the end, this superstition is strongly and decisively refuted from Verses 149-159
3. This surah sheds light on one single meaning and this is surrendering to Allah’s (SWT) orders even if you don’t understand the meaning behind it. Therefore it gives a fine example of Ibrahim (AS)(Abraham) who was asked to slaughter his son Isma’il (AS)(Ishmael). He accepted the order without hesitation or inquiries about the reason behind such an order. It is as if the surah says: you Muslims will receive some orders, which you will not understand the reason behind. Therefore you have to follow Ibrahim (AS) in fulfilling such divine orders.
4. surrender to all of Allah’s (SWT) commands and laws, even if you do not know the reason behind them. However Allah (SWT) with His Mercy has given convincing reasons for the majority of his commands. Yet He kept the meaning behind some of these commands hidden so as to know who will obey and who will disobey, and behave arrogantly.