Good Deed: #276 Be righteous – Reflect on Surah Dahr-Time

SURA 76. Dahr, or Time: or Insan, or Man

1. Has there not been over Man a long period of Time, when he was nothing – [not
even] mentioned?
2. Verily We created Man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: So
We gave him [the gifts], of Hearing and Sight.
3. We showed him the Way: whether he be grateful or ungrateful [rests on his
4. For the Rejecters we have prepared chains, yokes, and a blazing Fire.
5. As to the Righteous, they shall drink of a Cup [of Wine] mixed with Kafur,-
6. A Fountain where the Devotees of Allah do drink, making it flow in unstinted
7. They perform [their] vows, and they fear a Day whose evil flies far and wide.
8. And they feed, for the love of Allah, the indigent, the orphan, and the
9. [Saying],”We feed you for the sake of Allah alone: no reward do we desire
from you, nor thanks.
10. “We only fear a Day of distressful Wrath from the side of our Lord.”
11. But Allah will deliver them from the evil of that Day, and will shed over
them a Light of Beauty and [blissful] Joy.
12. And because they were patient and constant, He will reward them with a
Garden and [garments of] silk.
13. Reclining in the [Garden] on raised thrones, they will see there neither the
sun’s [excessive heat] nor [the moon’s] excessive cold.
14. And the shades of the [Garden] will come low over them, and the bunches [of
fruit], there, will hang low in humility.
15. And amongst them will be passed round vessels of silver and goblets of
16. Crystal-clear, made of silver: they will determine the measure thereof
[according to their wishes].
17. And they will be given to drink there of a Cup [of Wine] mixed with
18. A fountain there, called Salsabil.
19. And round about them will [serve] youths of perpetual [freshness]: If thou
seest them, thou wouldst think them scattered Pearls.
20. And when thou lookest, it is there thou wilt see a Bliss and a Realm
21. Upon them will be green Garments of fine silk and heavy brocade, and they
will be adorned with Bracelets of silver; and their Lord will give to them to
drink of a Wine Pure and Holy.
22. “Verily this is a Reward for you, and your Endeavour is accepted and
23. It is We Who have sent down the Qur’an to thee by stages.
24. Therefore be patient with constancy to the Command of thy Lord, and hearken not to the sinner or the ingrate among them.

25. And celebrate the name or thy Lord morning and evening,

26. And part of the night, prostrate thyself to Him; and glorify Him a long
night through.
27. As to these, they love the fleeting life, and put away behind them a Day
[that will be] hard.
28. It is We Who created them, and We have made their joints strong; but, when
We will, We can substitute the like of them by a complete change.
29. This is an admonition: Whosoever will, let him take a [straight] Path to his
30. But ye will not, except as Allah wills; for Allah is full of Knowledge and
31. He will admit to His Mercy whom He will; But the wrong-doers,- for them has
He prepared a grievous Penalty.


1. The theme of this Surah is to inform man of his true position in the world and to tell him that if he understood his true position rightly and adopted the attitude of gratefulness, he would meet with such and such good end, and if he adopted the way of disbelief, he would meet with such and such evil ends

2.  In one sentence, it has been stated decisively what will be the fate to be met with in the Hereafter by those who emerged as unbelievers from this test.

3. the blessings with which those who do full justice to servitude in the world, will be favored, have been mentioned in full detail. In these verses, not only have their best rewards been mentioned but they have also been told briefly what are the acts on the basis of which they would become worthy of those rewards.

4.  “Remember Allah day and night, perform the Prayer and spend your nights in the worship of Allah, for it is these things which sustain and strengthen those who call to Allah in the face of iniquity and disbelief.”

5. In conclusion, it has been said: This is an Admonition: whoever wills may accept it and take a path to his Lord. But man’s own will and desire is not everything in the world. No one’s will and desire can be fulfilled unless Allah (also) so wills. And Allah’s willing is not haphazard: whatever He wills, He wills it on the basis of His knowledge and wisdom. He admits into His mercy whomever He regards as worthy of His mercy on the basis of His knowledge and wisdom, and He has prepared a painful torment for those whom He finds unjust and wicked.

source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududu


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