SURA 39. Zumar, or the Crowds
1. The revelation of this Book is from Allah, the Exalted in Power, full of Wisdom.
2. Verily it is We Who have revealed the Book to thee in Truth: so serve Allah, offering Him sincere devotion.
3. Is it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due? But those who take for protectors other than Allah [say]: “We only serve them in order that they may bring us nearer to Allah.” Truly Allah will judge between them in that wherein they differ. But Allah guides not such as are false and ungrateful.
4. Had Allah wished to take to Himself a son, He could have chosen whom He pleased out of those whom He doth create: but Glory be to Him! [He is above such things.] He is Allah, the One, the Irresistible.
5. He created the heavens and the earth in true [proportions]: He makes the Night overlap the Day, and the Day overlap the Night: He has subjected the sun and the moon [to His law]: Each one follows a course for a time appointed. Is not He the Exalted in Power – He Who forgives again and again?
6. He created you [all] from a single person: then created, of like nature, his mate; and he sent down for you eight head of cattle in pairs: He makes you, in the wombs of your mothers, in stages, one after another, in three veils of darkness. such is Allah, your Lord and Cherisher: to Him belongs [all] dominion. There is no god but He: then how are ye turned away [from your true Centre]?
7. If ye reject [Allah], Truly Allah hath no need of you; but He liketh not ingratitude from His servants: if ye are grateful, He is pleased with you. No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another. In the end, to your Lord is your Return, when He will tell you the truth of all that ye did [in this life]. for He knoweth well all that is in [men’s] hearts.
8. When some trouble toucheth man, he crieth unto his Lord, turning to Him repentance: but when He bestoweth a favour upon him as from Himself, [man] forget what he cried and prayed for before, and he doth set up rivals unto Allah, thus misleading others from Allah’s Path. Say, “Enjoy thy blasphemy little while: verily thou art [one] of the Companions of the Fire!”
9. Is one who worships devoutly during the hour of the night prostrating himself or standing [in adoration], who takes heed of the Hereafter, and who places his hope in the Mercy of his Lord – [like one who does not]? Say: “Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know? It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition.
10. Say: “O ye my servants who believe! Fear your Lord, good is [the reward] for those who do good in this world. Spacious is Allah’s earth! those who patiently persevere will truly receive a reward without measure!”
11. Say: “Verily, I am commanded to serve Allah with sincere devotion;
Sheikh Abu Bakr Ashatri- surah Zumar
1. This surah is one of the most beautiful surahs of the Qur’an because it includes ayahs with wonderful meanings. Its objective is clear : One should be sincere to Allah in whatever one does, shouldn’t seek ostentation but rather Allah’s satisfaction. He, who wants to put himself to test on the level of sincerity in his work, should read then this surah, and open his heart to its ayahs.
2. You should never seek people’s satisfaction, expecting them to say about you : he is a pious man, he has learnt the Qur’an by heart, he prays regularly in mosques and so forth. Be sincere to Allah (SWT) when you worship Him; and, you, my Muslim sister, be sincere to Allah (SWT) through obeying and satisfying your husband.
You, parents, be sincere through raising up your children, and encourage them to obey Allah (SWT) and advocate Islam. Be sincere throughout your life, so that you might guarantee being among the group of the Believers in heaven and among those who grasped well the meaning of this surah and Allah’s objective in it.
3. Can you be sincere in your devotion to Allah (SWT), and purify it from any defects? Can you sacrifice every second in your life for the sake of Allah (SWT): when you speak to people about Islam, when you pray, when you read the Qur’an, and myself when I write this book. We should all be sincere to Allah (SWT) so that He might accept our work and good deeds.
4. Being sincere to Allah (SWT) in your deeds is useful to the heart, as it arouses your spirits in this world, and increases your reward in the hereafter.
5. A person who is sincere in his worship of Allah (SWT), and who does not seek people’s good opinion and estimate. He rather seeks to satisfy his Lord. He, therefore, does his best in worshiping Allah (SWT) praying at night while people are asleep.
6. Then comes another type of sincerity; one that is more important than what has just been said. It is sincerity in repentanceFrom this we conclude that sincerity helps the person to go on obeying Allah (SWT) and turning back to Him in repentance.
7. How could a person be insincere to Allah (SWT) to whom all things in heaven and earth belong? False worshiping and insincerity are an underestimation of Allah’s (SWT) Greatness (Allah forbid). Then comes the Ayah saying what can be translated as. All those who associate partners with Allah (SWT), whether openly or secretly, do not really understand the Greatness of Allah (SWT).
8. he surah ends with ayahs that soften the heart and fill it with craving for heaven in what can be translated as, ““And the ones who were pious to their Lord will be driven in hordes to the Garden till when they have come to it, and its gates will be opened, and its Keepers will say to them, “Peace be upon you! You have been good, so enter (into) it eternally (abiding).”And they will say, “Praise be to Allah, Who has sincerely (made good) His promise to us and has made us inherit the earth for us, to make our location in the Garden where we decide. So how favorable is the reward of the (good) doers.” And you will see the Angels encircling round about the Throne extolling with the praise of their Lord; and (justice) will be decreed between them with the Truth; and it will be said, “Praise be to Allah, the lord of the worlds.””(,39: 73-75).
source: Amr Khaled