SURA 19. Maryam, or Mary
1. Kaf. Ha. Ya. ‘Ain. Sad.
2. [This is] a recital of the Mercy of thy Lord to His servant Zakariya.
3. Behold! he cried to his Lord in secret,
4. Praying: “O my Lord! infirm indeed are my bones, and the hair of my head doth glisten with grey: but never am I unblest, O my Lord, in my prayer to Thee!
5. “Now I fear [what] my relatives [and colleagues] [will do] after me: but my wife is barren: so give me an heir as from Thyself,-
6. “[One that] will [truly] represent me, and represent the posterity of Jacob; and make him, O my Lord! one with whom Thou art well-pleased!”
7. [His prayer was answered]: “O Zakariya! We give thee good news of a son: His name shall be Yahya: on none by that name have We conferred distinction before.”
8. He said: “O my Lord! How shall I have a son, when my wife is barren and I have grown quite decrepit from old age?”
9. He said: “So [it will be] thy Lord saith, ‘that is easy for Me: I did indeed create thee before, when thou hadst been nothing!'”
10. [Zakariya] said: “O my Lord! give me a Sign.” “Thy Sign,” was the answer, “Shall be that thou shalt speak to no man for three nights, although thou art not dumb.”
11. So Zakariya came out to his people from him chamber: He told them by signs to celebrate Allah’s praises in the morning and in the evening.
12. [To his son came the command]: “O Yahya! take hold of the Book with might”: and We gave him Wisdom even as a youth,
13. And piety [for all creatures] as from Us, and purity: He was devout,
14. And kind to his parents, and he was not overbearing or rebellious.
15. So Peace on him the day he was born, the day that he dies, and the day that he will be raised up to life [again]!
16. Relate in the Book [the story of] Mary, when she withdrew from her family to a place in the East.
17. She placed a screen [to screen herself] from them; then We sent her our angel, and he appeared before her as a man in all respects.
18. She said: “I seek refuge from thee to [Allah] Most Gracious: [come not near] if thou dost fear Allah.”
19. He said: “Nay, I am only a messenger from thy Lord, [to announce] to thee the gift of a holy son.
20. She said: “How shall I have a son, seeing that no man has touched me, and I am not unchaste?”
21. He said: “So [it will be]: Thy Lord saith, ‘that is easy for Me: and [We wish] to appoint him as a Sign unto men and a Mercy from Us’: It is a matter [so] decreed.”
22. So she conceived him, and she retired with him to a remote place.
23. And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm-tree: She cried [in her anguish]: “Ah! would that I had died before this! would that I had been a thing forgotten and out of sight!”
24. But [a voice] cried to her from beneath the [palm-tree]: “Grieve not! for thy Lord hath provided a rivulet beneath thee;
25. “And shake towards thyself the trunk of the palm-tree: It will let fall fresh ripe dates upon thee.
26. “So eat and drink and cool [thine] eye. And if thou dost see any man, say, ‘I have vowed a fast to [Allah] Most Gracious, and this day will I enter into not talk with any human being'”
27. At length she brought the [babe] to her people, carrying him [in her arms]. They said: “O Mary! truly an amazing thing hast thou brought!
1. The central theme of this sūrah focuses on God’s oneness, rejecting all concepts and ideas assigning a son or a partner to Him.
2. It also touches on the important issue of resurrection, intertwined as it is with the concept of God’s oneness.
3. Surat Maryam includes a more elevated reason for having children – protecting religion by leaving it to the following generations to preserve it and to stick to its rules. This is the best legacy for children, much better than material goods which like life itself are bound to disappear. It is as if the Muslim delivers the lantern of religion to his child. The latter, in turn leaves it to the grandchild, and so on. It’s not right at all to have a pious generation followed by others who know nothing about religion, even about the superficial issues. Desires and fornication prevail in the society as children are not educated according to the religious rules. All they inherit from their parents is simply money.
The core idea of surat Maryam thus is children and the question of inheriting religion. This is one of the surahs where “children” and “inheritance” are frequently mentioned.
source: In the shade of the quran and Quranic reflections