Surah 9. At-Tawba (Repentance, Dispensation)
1. A (declaration) of immunity from Allah and His Messenger, to those of the Pagans with whom ye have contracted mutual alliances:-
2. Go ye, then, for four months, backwards and forwards, (as ye will), throughout the land, but know ye that ye cannot frustrate Allah (by your falsehood) but that Allah will cover with shame those who reject Him.
3. And an announcement from Allah and His Messenger, to the people (assembled) on the day of the Great Pilgrimage,- that Allah and His Messenger dissolve (treaty) obligations with the Pagans. If then, ye repent, it were best for you; but if ye turn away, know ye that ye cannot frustrate Allah. And proclaim a grievous penalty to those who reject Faith.
4. (But the treaties are) not dissolved with those Pagans with whom ye have entered into alliance and who have not subsequently failed you in aught, nor aided any one against you. So fulfil your engagements with them to the end of their term: for Allah loveth the righteous.
5. But when the forbidden months are past, then fight and slay the Pagans wherever ye find them, an seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem (of war); but if they repent, and establish regular prayers and practise regular charity, then open the way for them: for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
6. If one amongst the Pagans ask thee for asylum, grant it to him, so that he may hear the word of Allah. and then escort him to where he can be secure. That is because they are men without knowledge.
7. How can there be a league, before Allah and His Messenger, with the Pagans, except those with whom ye made a treaty near the sacred Mosque? As long as these stand true to you, stand ye true to them: for Allah doth love the righteous.
8. How (can there be such a league), seeing that if they get an advantage over you, they respect not in you the ties either of kinship or of covenant? With (fair words from) their mouths they entice you, but their hearts are averse from you; and most of them are rebellious and wicked.
9. The Signs of Allah have they sold for a miserable price, and (many) have they hindered from His way: evil indeed are the deeds they have done.
Aghir bin Yasār al-Muzanī (may Allāh be pleased with him) relates that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (may Allāh’s blessings and peace be upon him) has advised his followers: ?Turn to Allāh, O people, offer repentance and seek His forgiveness. I myself offer repentance to Allāh a hundred times a day.” (Muslim)
Surat At-Tawbah is a Madinan surah. If we look for the word Tawbah (repentance) and its derivatives in this surah, we will find that it is repeated 17 times in surat At-Tawbah, making it the highest number of repetition of this word in the Holy Qur’an.
Of all the aspects of our relationship with Allah (SWT), repentance is indeed the most tender of all. It means going back to Allah (SWT), resorting to Him, and giving up all sins. This surah is the final call for humanity. It was descended right before the concluding revelation of the Qur’an and the death of the Prophet (SAWS). Although the surah contains severe warnings to the disbelievers and hypocrites, along with a call for Muslims to fight for their religion, it gives everyone a final chance for repentance