2:183 (Y. Ali) O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint,-
2:184 (Y. Ali) (Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (Should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it (With hardship), is a ransom, the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more, of his own free will,- it is better for him. And it is better for you that ye fast, if ye only knew.
2:185 (Y. Ali) Ramadhan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur’an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong). So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting, but if any one is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (Should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.
2:187 (Y. Ali) Permitted to you, on the night of the fasts, is the approach to your wives. They are your garments and ye are their garments. Allah knoweth what ye used to do secretly among yourselves; but He turned to you and forgave you; so now associate with them, and seek what Allah Hath ordained for you, and eat and drink, until the white thread of dawn appear to you distinct from its black thread; then complete your fast Till the night appears; but do not associate with your wives while ye are in retreat in the mosques. Those are Limits (set by) Allah. Approach not nigh thereto. Thus doth Allah make clear His Signs to men: that they may learn self-restraint.
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “When Ramadan begins, the gates of Paradise are opened.” Bukhari 3:31:122
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “When the month of Ramadan starts, the gates of the heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained.” Bukhari 3:31:123
Narrated Ibn Umar: I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “When you see the crescent (of the month of Ramadan), start fasting, and when you see the crescent (of the month of Shawwal), stop fasting; and if the sky is overcast (and you can’t see It) then regard the crescent (month) of Ramadan (as of 30 days)”. Bukhari 3:31:124
The Prophet [an error occurred while processing this directive] (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said “The distinction between our fasting and the fasting of the people of the book is the taking of the pre -dawn meal (Suhoor)” (Muslim)
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ” Have Suhoor, for in Suhoor there is blessing (barakah).” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, Fath, 4/139
The prophet(SAW) said: Suhoor is blessed food, and it involves being different from the people of the Book. What a good Suhoor for the believer is dates.” (Reported by Abu Dawood, no. 2345; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/448)
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The people will be fine so long as they do not delay iftaar.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, Fath, 4/198)
Ramadan explain by Yusuf Islam
1. Make intention/niyyah of fasting
2. Wake up for sehri
3. Make tahajud/qiyam layl
4. Start fasting from true fajr
5. Abstain from food, drink and sexual intercourse
6. Break fast at the time of maghrib
Fasting means abstaining from several things, from just before the starting of dawn (i.e. just before the start of Fajr) until sunset, with the intention of fasting.
A Muslim fasting must abstain from the following :Food, Drink, Sexual intercourse
Who Must Fast?
Allah has made fasting the month of Ramadan obligatory upon every adult, sane, settled (i.e., not travelling) Muslim who is able to fast and has nothing such as hayd [menstruation] or nifaas [postnatal bleeding] to prevent him or her from doing so.
- What to do if you are ill or fall ill or if you suffer from a medical condition
- What to do if you are elderly
- What to do if you are travelling
- Ruling of fasting whilst doing Jihad
- Rulingson fasting for women (menstruation etc)
- Do pregnant and Breast feeding women fast