Good Deed: #73 Perform Qurbani/Udhiya – Sacrifice an animal

  • 22:37 (Y. Ali) It is not their meat nor their blood, that reaches Allah. it is your piety that reaches Him: He has thus made them subject to you, that ye may glorify Allah for His Guidance to you and proclaim the good news to all who do right.
  • 37:102 -110(Y. Ali) Then, when (the son) reached (the age of) (serious) work with him, he said: “O my son! I see in vision that I offer thee in sacrifice: Now see what is thy view!” (The son) said: “O my father! Do as thou art commanded: thou will find me, if Allah so wills one practising Patience and Constancy!” So when they had both submitted their wills (to Allah., and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead (for sacrifice), We called out to him “O Abraham! “Thou hast already fulfilled the vision!” – thus indeed do We reward those who do right. For this was obviously a trial- And We ransomed him with a momentous sacrifice: And We left (this blessing) for him among generations (to come) in later times:”Peace and salutation to Abraham!” Thus indeed do We reward those who do right.
  • “Say (O Muhammad): ‘Verily, my prayer, my sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists).” (Al-An’am : 162)
  • “And for every nation, We have appointed religious ceremonies, that they may mention the Name of Allah over the beast of cattle that He has given them for food. And your God is One God, so you must submit to Him Alone (in Islam)…” (Al-Hajj: 34)
  • “Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only).” (Al-Kawthar: 2).
  • Jundub (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: ‘Whoever slaughtered his sacrifice before he prays, let him slaughter another one in its place, and whoever did not slaughter a sacrifice, let him do so in the name of Allah.’” (Reported by Muslim, 3621)
  • Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “I prayed on `Eid Al-Adha with the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), and when he finished (the prayer), he was brought two rams, and he sacrificed them. He said, ‘In the Name of Allah, Allah is Most Great. This is on behalf of myself and any member of my Ummah who did not offer a sacrifice.” (Sunan Abi Dawud bi Sharh Muhammad Shams al-Haq Abadi, 7/486)

The Prophet said that: “Let the knives be sharpened and concealed from the animals and whenever you do the sticking, it should be quick.”

Camel sacrifice during hajj

Action Plan

1. This act of ‘Udhiya’ is to commemorate the unparalleled sacrifice offered by the Prophet Ibrahim peace and blessings be upon him. When he, in pursuance to a command of Allah Ta’ala conveyed to him in a dream, prepared himself to slaughter his beloved son Ismail peace and blessings be upon him and actually did so, but Allah Almighty after testing him of his submission, sent down a ram and saved his son from the logical fate of slaughter. It is from that time onwards that the sacrifice of an animal became an obligatory duty to be performed by every well to do Muslim.

2. For the Haji’s – Having finished the Rami (Stoning) of greater Satan, every pilgrim is duty bound to sacrifice a head of livestock. It can be goat, sheep or even a camel in participation. This sacrifice is to perpetrate the memory of great sacrifice of Abraham (PBUH), the great forefather of Muslims. Hundreds of thousands of Muslims from the four corners of the world who gather in Mina on this 10th day of ZilHijj celebrate the “Feast of Sacrifice” also known as “Eid-ul-Adha”. Animal sacrifice is not obligatory or desirable for those who are performing Hajj of Ifrad class. Yet he can do so if he wishes. The next rite after the sacrifice of the animal is the head shaving for men also call “Halaq”.

3. The animal should have reached the required age, which is six months for a lamb, one year for a goat, two years for a cow and five years for a camel.

4. It should be free of any faults, because the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “There are four that will not do for sacrifice: a one-eyed animal whose defect is obvious, a sick animal whose sickness is obvious, a lame animal whose limp is obvious and an emaciated animal that has no marrow in its bones.” (Sahih, Sahih al-Jami’, no. 886). There are milder defects that do not disqualify an animal, but it is disliked to sacrifice such animals, such as an animal with a horn or ear missing, or an animal with slits in its ears, etc. ‘Udhiyah is an act of worship to Allah, and Allah is Good and accepts only that which is good. Whoever honors the rites of Allah, this has to do with the piety of the heart.

5. It is forbidden to sell it. If an animal has been selected for sacrifice, it is not permissible to sell it or give it away, except in exchange for one that is better. If an animal gives birth, its offspring should be sacrificed along with it. It is also permissible to ride it if necessary.

6. It should be sacrificed at the specified time, which is from after the prayer and khutbah of `Eid – not from when the time for the prayer and Khutbah starts – until before sunset on the last of the days of Tashreeq, which is the 13th day of Dhul-Hijjah. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Whoever sacrifices before the prayer, let him repeat it.” (Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim). ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The days of Nahr (Sacrifice) are the day of Al-Adha and the three days following it.” This is also the opinion of al-Hasan al-Basri, `Ata’ ibn Abi Rabah, Al-Awza`i, Ash-Shafi`i and Ibn al-Mundhir, may Allah have mercy on them all.

7. It is better for a person to slaughter the sacrifice himself, but if he does not, it is desirable for him to be present when it is slaughtered.

8. It is desirable to divide the meat into three: one third to be eaten, one third to be given as gifts and one third to be given in charity.

9. Make an intention to sacrifice an animal.

10. It is commendable that one who intends to offer a sacrifice should refrain from having a haircut, a shave, and pruning of nails, from the 1st of Dhu’l-Hijjah (up to the time he has performed the sacrifice).

11. The animal for slaughter should be laid on its left side facing Kaabah, the knife should be concealed and its throat cut open with a sharp knife, and its blood allowed draining. In the case of a camel, it should be allowed to remain standing after its left fore leg has been stringed. A sharp spear should then be thrust in its breast and on both sides of its neck, and the blood allowed draining.

source: ruling of udhiya

12. Supplication when sacrificing

Lay down the animal parallel with the direction of the Qibla and utter the following prayer first:

Behold I have turned my face earnestly towards Him Who originated the heavens and the earth and I am not of polytheists. Behold, my salat, mine offering, my living and mine dying are all for Allah, Lord of the worlds. No partners hath He, concerning this I have been bidden and I am of the Muslims O Allah! (I offer this) to you and You gave it to me.

After reciting this prayers, Say

?Bismillahi Allahu Akbar?. (In the name of Allah Who is Great) and cut the throat of the animal with a sharp-edged knife. Having performed the slaughter, read this prayer:

?Allah! Accept this sacrifice offered by me as Thou accepted the sacrifice offered by Thy friend Abraham and that offered by Thy love one Muhammad. May Peace and blessings descend upon both.?

Other resources:

Guideline on how to sacrifice an animal

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